Is Reading Comprehension Rocket Science?
Is Reading Comprehension really so tough, that only oxford scholars can attempt all questions with 100% accuracy?
If you’re going with this mindset, I would seriously recommend you to think twice before giving your one year of CAT preparation. The fundamental concept behind CAT examination is how students can manage to come up with a feasible solution under pressure, rather than bookish right answers, logic is one thing that matters a lot. Because based on logic even for seemingly complicated problems, solutions are pretty simple.
So here is one of the ideal approaches to attempt RC, following this strategy ensures high probability to attempt all RC questions with at least 90% accuracy by following below-mentioned postulates:-
- For tackling questions like the main idea of passage or tone of the passage or conclusion of passage-
Firstly skim through the whole passage and while skimming, write down keywords for first and last line of every paragraph in the passage, such that you’re able to make out meaning using those keywords, which is the same reading first and last line of every paragraph.
- For tackling context-based or fact-based questions-
Thumb rule is to read two sentences before and after the line in the passage on which question is asked. Majority of the cases one can find the answer by following this thumb rule but still if you’re unsure re-read the paragraph which contains that line.
- Abstract/Abstruse/Unfamiliar passages to be kept at last –
CAT covers passages from range of areas philosophy, science, technology, literature, socialism, etc so based on the suitability and comfort-ability, one should first attempt familiar passages first then attempting unfamiliar ones at last, This way you can pluck up low hanging fruits(easy passages) and score them easily then have time to carefully read, re-read to understand abstruse/abstract passages to answer the questions.
- For tackling assumption and inferential based questions-
Assumption: It is an unstated premise that cannot be logically derived from any existing information. In other words, it cannot stand on its own. Assumptions are generally given to present some new information. These can also be part of some beliefs.
Inference: It is that piece of information that can be logically deduced from one or more statements.
Assumption + Fact → Inference
So I hope you must have understood the basic definition and difference of assumption and inference.
Whenever inferential based questions are asked –
- You are supposed to eliminate such options that contain information that is already present in the passage.
- You’re supposed to eliminate those options which are totally unrelated to the context of the passage or which conveys meaning, completely opposite or absurd, as per the question asked.
- You have left with max 1-2 options, when 2 options, then to zero down on the feasible option you need to logically deduce the information related to inferential question available in the passage and then see if the deduced information fits in with one of the options, if yes then that’s the answer!
Whenever assumption-based questions are asked-
- You’re supposed to eliminate such options which contain information mentioned in the passage.
- You’re supposed to eliminate such options, the meaning of which conveys opposite or just absurd and totally unrelated to the question which is being asked.
- You have left with at max 1-2 options, when 2 options, then to zero down on the feasible option, which is generally new ideas that support the facts of the passage. if there are 2 options which give new ideas and both equally seem to support the facts of the passage, you need to individually cross-check the new idea with every fact in the passage, related to the question and then have to cross-check new idea collectively with all the facts, related to the question, in a passage
- Avoid extreme answers except the author is very critical negative in tone of the passage like a narcissist or satiric/acerbic/sardonic/brusque tone, but in general, answers are moderate in nature.
- Avoid adding your own assumptions or ideas or prior knowledge outside the context of the passage even though it may seem to be very relevant, tempting or appealing answers as options but which is actually trap. Except assumption-based questions, this postulate holds true for every type of question.
- Structural questions, as the name suggests, ask you to identify the technique, or the writing style adopted by the author, in presenting facts or views.
For example: Which of the following best describes the structure of the passage?
- Extrapolation questions similar to inferential questions are widely regarded as the most twisted of all Reading Comprehension questions, extrapolation questions require you to compare the author’s ideas to other situations, including situations that are analogous. In order to answer this type of question, you must go beyond what is stated in the passage, draw an inference from the passage, and then match it with the situations given in the answer choices.
For Example – Which of the following describes a situation that is analogous to the situation described in the second paragraph?
- Negative/Exception Questions- These are the questions that ask you which of the given answer choices is not true according to the author or the passage, or which of the answer choices with which the author of the passage would not agree.
For Example –
The author asserts that war has led us to a disastrous victory, except?
How we can help you prepare?
MBAint being an ideal platform, with great mentors, can train and guide you to make you well equipped to tackle any type of question even from a passage of which you’re not able to make head and tail of it, with logical coherence and sound reasoning. Because ultimately CAT is about Logic and reasoning even in the Reading comprehension section, thus affirming that neither its rocket science nor need to be oxford scholar to score decent in RC section.